Holy Father is among the other honorifics used for popes. However, he was to return to Argentina prematurely to serve as a confessor and spiritual director to the Jesuit community in Córdoba.  As cardinal, Bergoglio was appointed to five administrative positions in the Roman Curia. , In March 2013, a new song was dedicated to Francis and released in Brazilian Portuguese, European Portuguese, and Italian, titled Come Puoi ("How You Can").  The interview with Rubin, reflected in the biography El jesuita, is the only time Bergoglio has spoken to the press about those events. Caleb K. Bell (14 March 2013).  Bergoglio's relations with Kirchner's widow and successor, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, have been similarly tense.  He chose as his episcopal motto Miserando atque eligendo. A Vatican spokesman said that the name would become Francis I if and when there is a Francis II. Wilfrid Barón de los Santos Ángeles, Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires, Watching Soccer and Tango Dance, Reading and Listening to Music, • Some conservatives have drawn flak to his "simultaneously combative" and "charming" administrative style which they assert the pontiff has "wielded" against conservative opponents.  At the 2017 World Food Day ceremony, Francis reiterated that "we see the consequences [of climate change] every day" and that we "know how the problems are to be faced ... [t]hanks to scientific knowledge." Dec 27, 2020 - 04:16 am .-. Nobody should be thrown out or be made miserable because of it. In international diplomacy, he helped to temporarily restore full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba and supported the cause of refugees during the European and Central American migrant crises. " The Cuba visit "seals that accomplishment, in which he served as a bridge between two erstwhile enemies". , In 2017, Dutch politician Lilianne Ploumen was appointed as Dame Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great. This joint statement is concerned with how different faiths can live peaceably in the same world and areas. A Commission created by the Pope", "Pope Francis to give extraordinary benediction urbi et orbi", "Papa Francesco prega nella piazza San Pietro vuota: "Fitte tenebre si sono addensate, scenda la benedizione di Dio, "Lettera Apostolica in forma di Motu proprio, sulla modifica del can.  Since Francis became pope, Gonzalo Mosca and José Caravias have related to journalists accounts of how Bergoglio helped them flee the Argentine dictatorship. , Francis chose not to live in the official papal residence in the Apostolic Palace, but to remain in the Vatican guest house, in a suite in which he can receive visitors and hold meetings.  Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, one of the authors of the dubia, maintains that after Amoris laetitia "only a blind man could deny there's great confusion, uncertainty and insecurity in the Church. , In November 2020, Francis named China's Uyghur minority among a list of the world's persecuted peoples. On 12 March 1960 the conclusion of his novitiate in the Jesus society, officially, Bergoglio became a result in this time, when he creates the religious profession.  The success of the negotiations was credited to Francis because "as a religious leader with the confidence of both sides, he was able to convince the Obama and Castro administrations that the other side would live up to the deal". Thomas D. … In 1966, he taught the same courses at the Colegio del Salvador in Buenos Aires. Francis has branded the sexual abuse of children by priests an ugly crime saying he would show zero tolerance for anyone in the church who perpetrated such crimes against children. Mario Bergoglio was an Italian immigrant accountant born in Portacomaro (Province of Asti) in Italy's Piedmont region. Pope Francis is said to be more at risk because part of his lungs was removed following an illness when he was a young man in his native Argentina.  U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said cooperating with the Chinese Communist Party puts the pope's moral authority at risk. Moneyval feels more reform is needed, and Francis may be willing to close the bank if the reforms prove too difficult. He has faced criticism from theological conservatives on many questions, including admitting civilly divorced and remarried Catholics to communion with the publication of Amoris laetitia. The Order, in May 2017, appointed a new leader in the person of Fra' Giacomo Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto.  Three of his appointees were only priests upon their nomination, therefore, two (Gambetti and Feroci) received their episcopal consecration, while one (Cantalamessa) was granted a papal dispensation from it. Regina Sívori was a housewife born in Buenos Aires to a family of northern Italian (Piedmontese-Genoese) origin. He attended the technical secondary school Escuela Técnica Industrial N° 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen, named after a past President of Argentina, and graduated with a Chemical Technician's Diploma (not a master's degree in Chemistry, as some media outlets incorrectly reported).  However, two days after the election of Francis, Jalics issued a statement confirming the kidnapping and attributing the cause to a former lay colleague who became a guerrilla, was captured, then named Yorio and Jalics when interrogated. Il fratello Georg: "Lo sapevo da mesi, "Vatican cardinal explains why Pope Francis canonized St. Angela of Foligno", "Pope Francis declares sainthood of early Jesuit, Peter Faber", "Pope Francis canonizes three new saints of the Americas", "Sainthood for John Paul II, John XXIII in canonization ceremony", "Pope declares sainthood of two Indians, four Italians", "Canonization of Saint Joseph Vaz, the first Sri Lankan Saint", "Pope Francis canonizes two Palestinian nuns", "Pope Francis canonizes controversial saint", "Pope Francis canonises Louis and Zélie Martin", "Pope Proclaims 2 New Saints in Canonization Mass", "Mother Teresa officially becomes a saint at canonization ceremony in Vatican City", "Pope Francis makes Argentina's "gaucho priest" and 6 others saints", "Pope Francis makes history and canonizes Jacinta and Francisco, two child saints", "Pope canonizes 35 new saints including a 'feminist' priest", "Slain Salvadoran bishop Romero and Pope Paul VI become saints", "A new saint for the Church and Fulton Sheen soon to be Blessed", "Pope beatifies 124 South Korean Catholic martyrs", "Pope Francis Beatifies an Earlier Reformer, Paul VI", "Pope in Colombia at Beatification Mass: 'Reconciliation is not an abstract word, "Oscar Romero beatification draws huge El Salvador crowds", "Newest Doctor of the Church: St. Gregory of Narek", "Pope Francis officially declares John Paul I 'venerable, Pope Francis appoints 19 new cardinals in Rome ceremony, Pope Francis inducts new cardinals as predecessor Benedict looks on, Annuncio di Concistoro per la creazione di nuovi Cardinali, "Pope Francis: Allocution at Consistory for Creation of Cardinals", "Francis' Fifth: A Synod, Humanae Vitae Milestone and More Decentralized Church", "Pope Francis names 14 new cardinals from five continents", "Pope to make Vatican changes in push for reform, transparency", "Pope picks new cardinals, putting his stamp on Church's future", "Freed from elevator, pope names new cardinals from Muslim, developing countries", "Pope announces a consistory for the creation of 13 new cardinals", "The pope's 13 new cardinals and the next conclave", "Opening the Holy Year, Francis says mercy always trumps judgment", "The Gift Of The Indulgence (29 January 2000)", Misericordiae Vultus – Bull of indiction of the Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy (11 April 2015), Pope Francis: Now is the time for mercy :: Catholic News Agency (CNA), "Card Ranjith calls for prayers and practical action on World Day of the Poor", "Pope cancels main public appearances to stop crowds gathering amid coronavirus", "Pope tells priests to go out and meet the coronavirus sick", "Pope Francis: Do Not Forget the Poor During the Coronavirus Pandemic", "Pope Francis Prays for Coronavirus Victims in China", "Pope Francis Asks for Mary's Protection of Rome Against Coronavirus", "We must think of the aftermath of COVID-19 so we are not unprepared", "Vatican COVID-19 Commission. , Bergoglio was named Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires in 1992 and consecrated on 27 June 1992 as titular bishop of Auca, with Cardinal Antonio Quarracino, archbishop of Buenos Aires, serving as principal consecrator.  Alicia Oliveira, a former Argentine judge, has also reported that Bergoglio helped people flee Argentina during the rule of the junta. , A February 2014 survey by the World Values Survey cited in The Washington Post and Time shows how the unity Francis had created could be challenged. The administrations of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner considered him a political rival. The consistory was also noteworthy for the fact that Francis named the papal almoner Konrad Krajewski as a cardinal, marking the consistory the first occasion where the almoner was made a cardinal. Pope Francis has ruled against ordaining married men in the Amazon region as a means of addressing the shortage of Catholic priests.  The oratorio was premiered on 6 November 2016 in the Limburg Cathedral.  In 2018, Francis acknowledged he had made "grave errors" in judgment about Barros, apologized to the victims and launched a Vatican investigation that resulted in the resignation of Barros and two other Chilean bishops. He was the first pope from the Western Hemisphere, the first from South America, and the first from the Jesuit order.. Several media outlets reported that Francis praised Abbas as "an angel of peace", though his actual words were the following: "The angel of peace destroys the evil spirit of war. He became the archbishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 and was created a cardinal in 2001 by Pope John Paul II. , On a theological level, controversy arose after the publication of the apostolic exhortation Amoris laetitia, especially regarding whether the exhortation had changed the Catholic Church's sacramental discipline concerning access to the sacraments of Penance and the Eucharist for divorced couples who have civilly remarried. Pope Francis is not married and is free from the headache of conjugal life and the worries of a wife.  The consistory was a rare occasion in which Francis and his predecessor, Benedict XVI, appeared together in public. He lived in a small apartment, rather than in the elegant bishop's residence in the suburb of Olivos. His birth name is Jorge Mario Bergoglio. The constitution also allowed for laity to contribute input directly to the synod's secretary general. The new cardinals were formally installed at the consistory celebrated on 5 October 2019. He chose the name Francis to honor St. Francis of Assisi.. Francis is the first Jesuit pope. During the 1960´s, He taught literature, philosophy, psychology, and theology at several high schools in Argentina. A…  Historian Uki Goñi pointed that, during early 1976, the military junta still had a good image among society, and that the scale of the political repression was not known until much later; Bergoglio would have had little reason to suspect that the detention of Yorio and Jalics could end up in their deaths. The pope continued his practice of appointing cardinals from the peripheries, such as Charles Maung Bo of Myanmar and Soane Patita Paini Mafi of Tonga. Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, as a young man Bergoglio worked for a time as a bouncer and a janitor before getting training as a chemist, and working as a technician in a food science laboratory. In May 2015, Francis met with Cuban leader Raúl Castro. 230 § 1 del Codice di Diritto Canonico circa l'accesso delle persone di sesso femminile al ministero istituito del Lettorato e dell'Accolitato (10 gennaio 2021) | Francesco", "Pope Francis admits women to ministries of lector and acolyte in new motu proprio", "Pope Francis: Ministries of lector and acolyte to be open to women", "Pope: A missionary and pastoral conversion for a Church open to changing its structures", "The pope's new doc on holiness: Gaudete et Exultate in 15 key words", "Church reform requires decentralization, synodality", "Pope: Warns that Poorly Trained Priests Can Become 'Little Monsters, "Theologians praise pope's historic appointment of women as members of Vatican congregation", "Pope Francis's Radical Environmentalism", "Pope says popular movements are antidote to populism", "Pope Francis explains name, calls for church 'for the poor' – CNN.com", "A Big Heart Open to God: An interview with Pope Francis", "Pope Francis: Who am I to judge gay people?  Bergoglio has been a lifelong supporter of San Lorenzo de Almagro football club.  He feared for the priests' safety and had tried to change their work prior to their arrest; however, contrary to reports, he never tried to throw them out of the Jesuit order.  Bergoglio is also a fan of the films of Tita Merello, neorealism, and tango dancing, with a fondness for the traditional music of Argentina and Uruguay known as the milonga. Puerta told him that the Justicialist party was not plotting to oust De la Rúa, and promised to help the president promote the laws that may be required. After recovering from a severe illness, he was inspired to join the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) in 1958.  He said that "[w]e ask the risen Jesus, who turns death into life, to change hatred into love, vengeance into forgiveness, war into peace. "Haley Cohen, "Slum Priest: Pope Francis' Early Year", "U.N. should encourage redistribution of wealth, pope says", "John Allen, "Former aide says Francis may close Vatican Bank, "Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Profession: Servant of the Servants of God", "Acusado de tener vínculos con la dictadura; la derecha lo defiende", "Pope to hold major Holy Week service in youth jail", "Elige Sus Nuevas Autoridades La Conferencia Episcopal", "El cardenal Bergoglio fue reelegido frente a la Conferencia Episcopal", "Vatican defends Pope Francis' actions during Argentina's 'Dirty War, "Bergoglio presenta su renuncia como arzobispo de Buenos Aires, aunque seguirá en el cargo", "X Ordinary General Assembly (30 September – 27 October 2001)", "Synodus Episcoporum Bulletin 30 September – 27 October 2001", "Profile: New pope, Jesuit Bergoglio, was runner-up in 2005 conclave", "What I would have said at the Consistory", "Saint Therese of Lisieux – "Saint Therese of Lisieux: A Gateway" Blog – Pope Francis and Saint Thérèse of Lisieux: "To depend solely on the tenderness of God, "Argentine Cardinal Named in Kidnap Lawsuit", "Cardinal breaks conclave vow of secrecy", "Article based on diary says German cardinal became pope with 84 votes", "Ecco come andò davvero il Conclave del 2005", "One of Pope Francis' allegiances might tell us something about the church's future", "Francisco: 'El verdadero poder es el servicio, "Sainthood effort for 5 slain recalls Argentine 'dirty war. Pope Francis to mark fifth anniversary of ‘Amoris laetitia’ with year dedicated to family. , When Bergoglio celebrated Mass at the cathedral for the 2004 First National Government holiday, President Néstor Kirchner attended and heard Bergoglio request more political dialogue, reject intolerance, and criticize exhibitionism and strident announcements. , In February 2019, Francis visited Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, on the invitation of Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. , Instead of accepting his cardinals' congratulations while seated on the papal throne, Francis received them standing, reportedly an immediate sign of a changing approach to formalities at the Vatican.  John Paul was the first pope to visit Cuba. Pope Francis QUICK FACTS Pope Francis Bio. He said that "the international community has drawn up the necessary legal instruments, such as the Paris Agreement, from which however some are withdrawing. , In response to criticism from Venezuela's bishops, President Nicolás Maduro said in 2017 that he had the support of Francis. Pope Francis came out strong against sexual abuse in the Catholic Church. They're children of God and have a right to a family. Nobody mentioned him as instigator or as anything. " The Vatican signed a treaty recognizing the state of Palestine.  This action took the number of cardinal electors appointed by Francis to the College of Cardinals to about 70 out of nearly 130..  It is the first time since Pope Lando's 913–914 reign that a serving pope holds a name not used by a predecessor. The Second Lateran Council (1139) made the promise to remain celibatea prerequisite to ordination, abolishing the married priesthood.  He sometimes made appearances at the annual gathering known as the Rimini Meeting held during the late summer months in Italy. , Elected at 76 years old, Francis was reported to be healthy and his doctors have said his missing lung tissue, removed in his youth, does not significantly affect his health. Leadership Conference of Women Religious, initiated under his predecessor, Pope Benedict XVI. Some other Catholic churches, for example in Germany and Austria, published summaries of the responses to the survey, which showed a wide gap between Church teaching and the behavior of ordinary Catholics. Francis continued in the tradition of the Second Vatican Council and of the papacies since the Council in dialoguing and cooperating with leaders of other Christian faiths and of other religions, and with those claiming no religious belief.  Her complaint did not specify how Bergoglio was involved; Bergoglio's spokesman flatly denied the allegations. The headline in the Los Angeles Times on 19 December was "Bridge to Cuba via Vatican," with the further lead "In a rare and crucial role, Francis helped keep U.S. talks with Havana on track and guided final deal. Prior to working as a chemical technician, Bergoglio had also worked as a bar bouncer and as a janitor sweeping floors.  Some Catholic observers tried to understand it as an allusion to the "permissive will" of God, allowing evil on earth. Early life and career.  He named Alfred Xuereb as his personal secretary. Help us build our profile of Pope Francis!  Some have explained the level of disagreement as due to his going beyond theoretical principles to pastoral discernment.  According to Tornielli, Bergoglio made this request to prevent the conclave from delaying too much in the election of a pope. He appointed Bishop Marcello Semeraro secretary for the group and scheduled its first meeting for 1–3 October. "The plan comes amid a breakthrough for which Francis has received much credit. He said: "While we venerate the martyrs of Otranto, ask God to support the many Christians who still suffer from violence and give them the courage and fate and respond to evil with goodness. Bergoglio studied at the archdiocesan seminary, Inmaculada Concepción Seminary, in Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires, and, after three years, entered the Society of Jesus as a novice on 11 March 1958. , Cardinal Gerhard Müller, former prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, maintained that Amoris Laetitia should only be interpreted in line with previous doctrine. The Holy Doors of the major basilicas of Rome (including the Great Door of St. Peter's) were opened, and special "Doors of Mercy" were opened at cathedrals and other major churches around the world, where the faithful can earn indulgences by fulfilling the usual conditions of prayer for the pope's intentions, confession, and detachment from sin, and communion. The motto of the Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy also plays a central role. It is believed he associates it with clerical careerism and hierarchy, though he did not apply this restriction to clergy working in the Roman Curia or diplomatic corps, where careerism is an even greater concern. Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI receive their first doses of the COVID-19 vaccine in the Vatican.  Kirchner celebrated the national day elsewhere the following year and the Mass in the cathedral was suspended. Retrieved 8 June 2015. And suggested that same-sex marriage:, He stated that he supports legally recognising same-sex civil unions in a statement from an interview published in October 2020; this passage was from an interview from 2019, but this passage had been cut from public releases at the time.  During Lent of that year, special 24-hour penance services will be celebrated, and during the year, special qualified and experienced priests called "Missionaries of Mercy" will be available in every diocese to forgive even severe, special-case sins normally reserved to the Holy See's Apostolic Penitentiary. On 20 March 2020, Pope Francis asked the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development (DPIHD) to create a Vatican COVID-19 Commission to express the Church’s concern for the crisis generated by COVID-19 pandemic, and propose responses to the potential socio-economic challenges deriving from it.  In 2019 Francis held a conference on the World Day of Social Communications highlighting the pros and cons of social media and urging users to use it as a source that liberates rather than enslaves. American and British media were also more likely during this trip to show Francis interacting with regular Cubans compared to the official Cuban media, which showed Francis interacting with elites most often. – Pope Francis, who was born in Argentina, is the first pope to have come from the Americas.  Then in his letter on the call of all to the same holiness, Gaudete et exsultate, Fancis describes holiness as "an impulse to evangelize and to leave a mark in this world". " Federico Lombardi said that Francis' comments were not "a personal attack, nor an indication of who to vote for". I was in the APDH during all the dictatorship years and I received hundreds of testimonies. In addition, Esquire magazine named him as the "Best-dressed man" for 2013 for his simpler vestments often in tune with a modern simplistic design on sartorial fashion. , Francis is played by Jonathan Pryce in the biographical drama film The Two Popes (2019) along with Anthony Hopkins who plays Pope Benedict XVI.  They submitted five "dubia" (doubts), and requested a yes or no answer.  He served at San Miguel for six years until 1986 when, at the discretion of Jesuit superior-general Peter Hans Kolvenbach, he was replaced by someone more in tune with the worldwide trend in the Society of Jesus toward emphasizing social justice, rather than his emphasis on popular religiosity and direct pastoral work. , On 24 May 2017, Francis met with U.S. President Donald Trump in Vatican City, where they discussed the contributions of Catholics to the United States and to the world. 387 ] [ 55 ] [ 55 ] [ 186 ] however, in February,... 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